The day has come for women to deliver their babies. Between the excitement of wanting to meet their babies to the pain of contractions, postpartum pain is not the first thing on their minds. But, after giving birth, it becomes clear very quickly how much pain the body can be in. One of those areas that can experience quite a bit of pain is the perineum. As such, developing a plan to deal with this pain before delivery will have new mothers prepared. This way, women have ways to relieve postpartum perineal pain. Even if the pain is negligible.
Between the skin being stretched to the limit or even tearing as a result of giving birth, it is no wonder that most women suffer from postpartum perineal pain. But because it is not something that is discussed often with doctors during prenatal visits, many women do not know what they are in for after delivery or after their epidurals have worn off. As such, when the pain rears its ugly head, it can come as a shock to new moms who were not anticipating pain in the perineum as part of the recovery process.
Here are tips to relieve postpartum perineal pain.
What Is The Perineum?
While women may be aware of where the perineum is, they may not know the name of it. But, when there is intense pain in the area after birth, the name is discovered very quickly.
According to RadioGraphics, the perineum is the “diamond-shaped” area between the vagina and the anus. This area is stretched to many times its normal limits to birth a baby. When this happens for some, there is no injury. For others, however, there can be ripping or tearing that occurs during delivery.
Perineal Pain After Delivery Explained
The degree to which there is perineal pain after delivery all has to do with the condition the perineum is in after babies have been born.
According to What To Expect, there are three main reasons there is perineal pain after delivery. Those reasons include:
- Vaginal birth: Even if there are no tears to the perineum, there may still be swelling in the area as a result of being stretched many times larger than its normal size.
- Tears or episiotomy: From being ripped or surgically cut, there is going to be pain of some sort in the region for a week or more after delivery.
- C-section: If women had to push for an extended period before it was decided a C-section was necessary, there could be pain to the perineum.
It does not take much for perineal pain to be caused. The extent to which the pain lingers will depend upon any trauma experienced to the site during delivery.
Ways To Alleviate Perineal Pain
Perineal pain can be extremely uncomfortable. As such, women need ways to get some relief to the area while they recover from childbirth.
According to BabyCentersome ways women can find relief when they experience perineal pain include:
- Applying an ice pack to the area with a soft covering
- OTC pain medication, excluding aspirin
- Changing pad frequently
- Using a squirt bottle to spray warm water on the perineum while using the bathroom
- Pat dry versus wiping when going to the bathroom
- Apply pads soaked with witch hazel to the area
- Expose the area to air as much as possible
By using these tips, much-needed relief can be sought to the perineum for those new moms experiencing pain.
How To Long Perineal Pain Will Last
The duration that women feel perineal pain all depends upon the trauma experienced during childbirth. The more traumatic experienced, the longer the pain lingered.
According to WebMD, the pain experienced in the days and weeks after childbirth had to do with whether the perineum was injured or if it stayed intact. As such, per the publication, women may experience the following pain to the perineum one week after giving birth.
- The majority of women who sustained no injuries to the perineum had pain the day after delivery. Only one-third had pain a week later.
- When there were tears to the perineum, women had pain the following day. 60 percent had pain one week later.
- If an episiotomy was necessary, nearly 100 percent of women had pain the day following delivery. Nearly three-quarters of women had pain one week later.
- For women who had tears from the vagina to the rectum, all had pain the day after delivery. Less than 10 percent of those women said they did not have pain one week later.
While the pain levels are different for all women, this is a guide for what women can anticipate as far as pain to the perineum in the days that follow childbirth.
Symptoms That Require A Trip To The Doctor
While it can take some weeks for the perineal pain to go away completely, there are times that women should consult with their planned doctors because recovery is not going as.
According to MedicalNewsTodaywomen should speak with their healthcare professionals in the weeks after childbirth if the following is happening in the perineal area:
- Pain becomes more severe
- Infection to the injured site
- Discharge that smells
- Painful hemorrhoids
- Sudden, heavy bleeding
If any of these are experienced or if there are other causes for concern, women should reach out to their doctors for what the best course of action is for their pain.
Source: RadioGraphics, WebMD, What To Expect, BabyCenter, MedicalNewsToday
15 Simple Ways Women Can Minimize Postpartum Pain
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